When Should You Start Using Anti-Aging Products?

Signs of aging appear on everyone in a different pattern depending on a unique combination of influences. Some of these factors include sun exposure and the melanin content in your skin (which gives you a darker or lighter complexion). But no matter your age, it’s good to start thinking about an anti-aging routine, because prevention is the best medicine!

When Does Your Skin Age?

Collagen production reduces about 1% every year after maturity, which is around the age of 21

Collagen production reduces about 1% every year after maturity, which is around the age of 21. So that is the standard age most derms start recommending that you add anti-aging products into your routine. Famed esthetician Renee Rouleau advises that “anti-aging products, particularly those with antioxidants, can be used as early as age 21, but the most important thing is to use anti-aging products that are appropriate for your skin type. If your skin is very dry, you need intensive, lipid-rich oils, but normal, combination, acne-prone, and oily skin types do not need this. The result can be clogged pores, breakouts, and an increase in blackheads!”

What Products Should You Use?

The best way to prevent aging of young skin? Sunscreen.

The best way to prevent aging of young skin? Sunscreen. Use an SPF every single day, all year round. And while it’s not a “product” per say, eating a diet rich in antioxidants can help to prevent aging internally in a way that will show up externally. You should also start to use a retinol as the benefits are two-fold. First, retinol is the gold standard ingredient in anti-aging strategies to improve skin tone and texture. This potent ingredient preserves collagen by deactivating the enzymes (matrix metalloproteinases) that break it down. It also improves the skin’s moisture retention regardless of your skin type and it increases cell turnover. The second advantage is that retinol can also help with acne. The improved rate of dead cellular turnover ‘declogs’ the skin. Retinoids also reduce oil production, reduce inflammation associated with acne, and decrease the growth of P. acnes, a bacteria that’s sometimes associated with increased acne. Since people in their 20’s are often still battling acne, retinol is the perfect ingredient because it multi-tasks.

Antioxidants and Skincare

Antioxidants are the best way to keep your skin looking bright and youthful, aside from sunscreen. However, there are so many different kinds of antioxidants, and so many different products, that it can be hard to keep things straight. Here’s what you need to know about antioxidants, and how you can include them in your routine!

What Are Antioxidants?

The body defends against free radicals with antioxidants, which impede or slow the chain reaction.

According to Futurederm, an oxygen molecule is stable, or unreactive, when it has an even number of electrons. However, when oxygen molecules combine with other molecules, the oxygen can end up with an odd number of electrons. The oxygen molecule is now unstable and highly reactive, and the odd-numbered species is known as a free radical. This free radical really is a crazy, radical species: it starts a vicious chain reaction that attacks cell structures, proteins, and DNA, doing damage that contributes to aging. The body defends against free radicals with antioxidants, which impede or slow the chain reaction. Antioxidants “break the chain,” stopping free radicals from ripping electrons off of other molecules.

In Skincare

Vitamins C & E are also known as network antioxidants. These two work as a team to stabilize free radicals.

Vitamins C & E are also known as network antioxidants. These two work as a team to stabilize free radicals. When vitamin C donates an electron to stabilize a toxic free radical, vitamin E can donate an electron and replenish vitamin C. They make the perfect pair!

Resveratrol: in a 2008 study, resveratrol prevented UVB-induced damage to human skin cells treated with it. It was discovered that resveratrol inhibits the inflammatory NFkB pathway to decrease the skin cells’ production of hydrogen peroxide. With reduced levels of inflammation, less damage accrued in the cells. As for resveratrol’s anti-aging benefits in skincare, a group led by Dr. David Sinclair of Harvard Medical School discovered that the compound stimulates protein, and helps increase the activity of mitochondria, which produces energy within cells, extending their life. You can find resveratrol in MDSUN’s Wrinkle Smoothener.

Winter Skincare Tips

While the weather outside may be frightful, your skin doesn’t have to be! Many people struggle with dry skin and chapped lips every winter. If this sounds like you, check out some of the tips below and beat winter dryness!

Don’t Lick Your Lips

On the bright side, this is a pretty easy fix. Just be sure to always carry around some lip balm

While licking your lips will temporarily add moisture to them, without the aid of any emollients and moisturizers, they will just become even more dry. The water molecules from your saliva bond with the lipids and natural moisturizing factors on your skin, but as they evaporate, it leaves your skin drier than it was to start. Since your lips also lack the sebaceous glands that the rest of your skin has, they will become even more dry and flaky. On the bright side, this is a pretty easy fix. Just be sure to always carry around some lip balm, and if your lips are still flaky you can use sugar to buff away the dead skin.

Avoid Hot Showers

Overexposure to hot water is more likely to break down the lipid barrier in skin.

As the temperature drops, it is tempting to take a long hot shower at night to get cozy. It may feel comfortable at first but the hot water strips moisture from the skin faster than warm or cool water. Overexposure to hot water is more likely to break down the lipid barrier in skin. What’s worse is that the hot water can make already irritated skin even worse. The skin’s barrier is compromised and softened, allowing ingredients to penetrate the skin better, meaning that irritating ingredients can do more damage. In addition, these irritants are compounding the irritation that might come from being in overly hot water for an elongated time period. Be sure to keep your showers short and to use warm instead of hot water.

Don’t Forget Sunscreen

Did you know that in winter 80% of the sun’s radiation gets through the clouds? Those sun rays reflect off the snow and can cause sun damage even on an overcast day! Also keep in mind that for every 1000 feet you are above sea level, UV radiation goes up by 4-5%. So when you are hitting the slopes on your yearly ski trip, that radiation can increase by 35-45%! (National Weather Service) This is why it is essential that you wear sunscreen every single day, even in winter!

Invest in a Heavy Duty Moisturizer

Indulge and revive skin with MDSUN’s luxurious Super Intensive Moisturizer for a more firm, radiant and youthful complexion.

Indulge and revive skin with MDSUN’s luxurious Super Intensive Moisturizer for a more firm, radiant and youthful complexion. The formula contains precious caviar and ultra-rich hyaluronic acid that helps to promote and retrieve younger-looking skin with a brighter undertone and soft texture. This moisturizer is perfect for mature or dry skin to rekindle skin’s best condition; it is also ideal for oily and younger skin to defend against and prevent future aging.

Spotlight on Peptides

Peptides took the skincare industry by storm after research presented at the 2002 American Academy of Dermatology conference demonstrated that peptides could firm skin and stimulate collagen production. But what exactly is a peptide and how do they work?

What Are Peptides?

Peptides can either be naturally occurring or synthetically made.

Peptides are short chains of amino acids. When two amino acids are joined together by a single bond it is called a dipeptide, while three linked amino acids are a tripeptide, followed by tetrapeptides, and so on. Peptides can either be naturally occurring or synthetically made. For example, the milk protein casein is broken down into two naturally occurring peptides during digestion. In contrast, the synthetic peptide Matrixyl, or palmitoyl pentapeptide-3, was developed for use in skincare products.

How Do Peptides Work?

A peptide may send a chemical message that mimics those that cells send to one another and cause them to behave a certain way.

Some say that peptides in skincare products will not work because their size breaks the 500 Dalton Rule. This rule states that for a substance to be absorbed into the skin, its molecular weight must be under 500 Daltons. Because peptides are larger than 500 Daltons, how can peptides be efficacious when applied topically? While research shows that peptides do work, we still are not entirely sure how. Researchers have come up with some theories of why they think peptides are effective despite this. A peptide may send a chemical message that mimics those that cells send to one another and cause them to behave a certain way. For example, if you get a papercut, a cell-signaling cascade is triggered to begin the tissue repair process. Peptides can mimic certain cell-signaling processes. Mimicking these messages would make changes without penetrating the skin. This would mean that even though peptides don’t go through the skin barrier, they still work effectively.

Peptides In Skincare

Here are some of the most popular peptides and their functions. You can find all of these in our best selling Wrinkle Smoothener serum!

How to Deal with Adult Acne

You may think that acne is something only teens suffer with, but unfortunately that is not the case. Adult acne is on the rise with clinical studies indicating that between 40 and 55 percent of the adult population age 20-40 are diagnosed with low grade, persistent acne and oily skin. Even worse, almost one in six women over age 50 are experiencing acne. So, now that you know how common it is, how do we fight it? Read below for tips and tricks on eliminating adult acne.

Eliminate Dairy

dermatologists have started to study whether diet can play a role in acne. Several new studies have looked at the link between acne and dairy products.

While the exact cause of acne is unknown, there are a number of factors that can bring it on or make it worse. Recently, dermatologists have started to study whether diet can play a role in acne. Several new studies have looked at the link between acne and dairy products. In 2005, a study was conducted in which 47,355 adult women were asked to recall their high school diet and if they ever had “physician-diagnosed severe acne.” The study found that acne was positively associated with the reported quantity of milk ingested — particularly skim milk. Several dermatologists point out the flaws in this retrospective study, but agree there is a connection with milk consumption and acne.

“Based on the studies we now have available, the evidence suggests that diet does play a role in acne,” explains Dr. Bowe of the American Academy of Dermatology. “More studies are definitely needed in this area, but they are not easy studies to execute. Patients can be their own best detectives in determining possible food triggers for acne, and I encourage them to make an appointment with a dermatologist if they have any acne concerns.”

Use Products to Beat Breakouts

Clarifying Serum is the latest breakthrough in skin care treatments because it effectively and gently solves multiple complex problems, including blemishes, dark spots, oily, dehydrated and dull skin – all at once. The high concentration of potassium azeloyl diglycinate not only fades dark spots and brightens dull areas, it also eliminates blemish formations. Exfoliating agents, mandelic acid and capryloyl salicylic acid, penetrate deeply into pores to accelerate exfoliation, balance oil production and stimulate cell renewal. With high potency hyaluronic acid and effective antioxidants, including nicotinamide (vitamin B3) and pro vitamin B5, the skin is protected against collagen loss, hyperpigmentation, dehydration, and new formations of fine lines and wrinkles. This product also contains botanical ingredients proven to calm the skin and prevent redness and irritations. Just apply directly on the target area or smooth two drops over entire face.

Glowing Skin at Every Age

It is no secret that our skin changes as we age, and what worked in our 20s won’t work in our 30s, 40s and beyond. But fear not, it is possible to maintain a youthful, dewy glow no matter our age, as long as we update our routine every decade. Here is how you can achieve glowing skin at every age!

In Your 20s

Your skin starts to lose the ability to repair itself starting in your 20s, so using retinol preemptively will slow down the aging process

If you are in your 20s there are two things you should absolutely be doing every single day (well, three, since everyone is already applying daily sunscreen, right?). Cleansing your skin at night, and using retinol! Falling asleep with makeup on can block pores, leaving oil trapped inside. This leads to bacteria buildup and breakouts while also stretching out your pores. Use an oil based cleanser to break down your makeup and then follow up with a second cream based or gel cleanser to ensure everything is removed.

If you aren’t already, you should start using a retinol ASAP. Your skin starts to lose the ability to repair itself starting in your 20s, so using retinol preemptively will slow down the aging process. And as a bonus, retinol also helps with acne!

In Your 30s

you should also start paying attention to the skin around your eyes and on your neck. These areas are more delicate than the rest of your skin

As you enter your 30s your growth hormones start to slow down, and as a result the skin won’t repair itself the same way it did when you were in your 20s. The days of neglecting your skin and not establishing a skincare routine are over! On top of cleansing your skin at night, using an SPF during the day, and using a retinol, you should also start paying attention to the skin around your eyes and on your neck. These areas are more delicate than the rest of your skin, and as a result they start to show signs of aging more quickly. A good rule of thumb to keep in mind: anything that you put on your face should also be applied to your neck.

You should also be using a good eye cream, as your eye area has virtually no oil glands and is the first area of the face to show aging from facial expressions like squinting and smiling.

In Your 40s, 50s and Beyond

The older you get, the slower your skin recovers. Lack of sleep plus environmental and lifestyle stresses all harm your skin

The older you get, the slower your skin recovers. Lack of sleep plus environmental and lifestyle stresses all harm your skin more than they did when you were in your 20s and 30s. On top of using SPF, retinol, and neck and eye cream, you should also start using facial oils to keep your skin plump and hydrated. Gently massage these oils into your skin, pinching along the jawline to release stress and stimulate circulation, giving radiancy in minutes.

Also be sure that you are exfoliating your skin 2 times a week. Exfoliating will help to lift dull, dead skin cells and stimulate circulation, which will result in a brighter-looking complexion.

Fighting Under-Eye Wrinkles

The skin around the eyes is thinner than the rest of the face, which makes it more prone to aging. It is also more dry, because there are far fewer oil-producing glands in this area. Periorbital (around the eye) wrinkles are very difficult to treat, but luckily there are a few things that you can do to make a huge difference!

Change Your Diet

Diet can play a huge role in the development of wrinkles. Inflammation from sugar and fried foods, puffiness from salt, and a lack of B vitamins can make the skin look tired and inflamed. Up your intake of fruits and veggies, especially when indulging in a high-fat meal. Try adding healthy green smoothies. Also be sure to drink a lot of water (64 oz. is recommended) and avoid fried, salty food when you can.

Get More Sleep

Make sure you are getting plenty of rest and relaxation. While you are asleep your skin takes that time to repair and renew. When you don’t get enough sleep, your skin becomes sallow and dull and the stress from a lack of sleep can also release the hormone cortisol. When this hormone is circulating it causes free radical damage to the healthy skin cells and encourages wrinkles. So make sure you are getting plenty of rest and relaxation! Try to meditate in the morning, and be sure to get at least 8 hours of sleep every night.

Use an Eye Gel

MDSUN’s Intensive Eye Gel addresses delicate skin concerns with a unique blend of anti-aging, brightening, and hydrating ingredients, leaving the skin more firm, moisturized, and radiant. Infused with sodium hyaluronate, coenzyme q10 and vitamin E, the gel’s formula helps to support natural collagen and elastin, softens expression lines and wrinkles, and restores suppleness and youthfulness. Anti-fatigue agents vitamins C and K reduce under-eye puffiness and dark circles significantly so that the skin looks brighter and you look well-rested. Precious algae and oat extracts further protect the skin against aging and environmental damage. Use twice daily, morning and evening after cleansing and toning. Apply a small amount to clean finger tips and gently massage onto the skin around the eye area and you’re good to go!

What Is the Difference Between Retinoids and Peptides?

Both peptides and retinoids are superstars in anti-aging, but how are they different? Do you really need to use both? Is one better than the other? Read on for more info!

What Are Retinoids?

What Are Retinoids?

Retinoids are the gold standard for anti-aging, and work in three different ways. The first is by preventing collagen loss through inhibiting matrix metalloproteinases, which are enzymes that degrade collagen. The second is treating fine lines, wrinkles, and mottled skin by increasing the rate of cell turnover. And finally they work by acting as an antioxidant, scavenging free radicals before damage is done.

Retinoids are a form of the antioxidant better known as vitamin A. Retinoids in products will degrade upon regular exposure to light, heat, and air so be sure to search for retinoids that are packaged in opaque air-tight pumps or foil tubes (so only the end is exposed to light, heat, and air upon opening). Open and seal or cap them as quickly as possible when applying.

What Are Peptides?

What Are Peptides?

Peptides are natural biological or artificially manufactured short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide (amide) bonds. Peptides have been shown to increase collagen production in research studies, which, in turn, will give people smoother and firmer skin over time. The most effective peptides are; Palmitoyl pentapeptide-3, Acetyl hexapeptide-3, Palmitoyl oligopeptide, and Matrixyl-3000.

While research shows that peptides do work, we still are not entirely sure how. Many peptides used in cosmetics are too large to penetrate the skin, but researchers have come up with some theories on why they think peptides are effective despite this. The peptide may send a chemical message that mimics those that cells send to one another which cause them to behave a certain way. Mimicking these messages would make changes without penetrating the skin. This would mean that even though peptides don’t go through the skin barrier, they still work effectively.

Another theory is that they are broken down by the skin. In an Experimental Dermatology article researchers consider that latex allergies might exist because when latex comes into contact with skin, it is broken down into smaller peptides that can penetrate skin. It’s possible that larger peptides also behave in this way and are broken down by the skin to a size that can cross the skin barrier.

Both retinoids and peptides should be a staple in your routine. They have their different mechanisms, so you should not be using one instead of the other, but rather as a team. These ingredients, by both protecting and stimulating collagen, are superstars in anti-aging!

Why You Should Be Using Collagen in Your Skincare

Collagen is one of those words that is routinely thrown around the anti-aging skincare market. But what does it do exactly? And is it worth incorporating into your skincare routine or is it just a buzzword?

Why Does Collagen Matter?

Why Does Collagen Matter?

Collagen is a protein present in all the body’s organs and tissues and provides the matrix that sustains the body’s structure. Collagen’s main function is to sustain tendons, skin and cartilage while providing firmness and elasticity to their structures. According to Dr. Leslie Baumann in Cosmetic Dermatology, collagen production decreases by approximately 1 percent with each year of age after maturity, leading to a loss in firmness and elasticity of skin.

“Collagen gives our skin its plumpness,” Dr. Amy Wechsler told Into the Gloss. “We start to lose collagen probably around age 18, actually—it starts to slowly diminish. There are things we do to our skin or that we’re exposed to that break down collagen more quickly than in the normal aging process.”

One of the best ways to avoid breaking down the collagen in our skin is…don’t smoke! There are a lot of health reasons you should avoid smoking, but from an aging standpoint, nothing breaks down your collagen faster than cigarettes. Secondly, wear sunscreen every day and limit your UV exposure. You should still be using an SPF even during the cold winter months. Finally eat – and topically apply – lots of antioxidants.

How to Rebuild Collagen

How to Rebuild Collagen

If you’re looking to increase collagen production you have a few different options. The first being dermal fillers. Collagen has been widely used in cosmetic surgery, and both human and bovine collagen is used as dermal fillers for treatment of wrinkles and skin aging.

If you’re afraid of needles, you can try phototherapy! LED phototherapy repairs sun damage and increases collagen and elastin production, although “lasers and peels have faster, more substantial results, but more side effects,” according to Seung Yoon Lee, a dermatologist at the National Medical Center in South Korea. With regards to LED therapy’s fewer side effects, Lee adds, “LED is safe for dark skin, unlike some lasers.”

The final option is topical peptide treatments. While collagen as a skincare ingredient will hydrate your skin, unfortunately it has never been shown to stimulate synthesis or growth. On a molecular basis, according to Dr. Leslie Baumann in Cosmetic Dermatology, topically applied collagen is too large to cross through the stratum corneum. Collagens have molecular weights of 15000 to 50000 daltons, but only molecules of molecular weight 5000 or less can typically penetrate the skin.

That is where peptides come in! Palmitoyl pentapeptide-3 has been shown to stimulate feedback regulation of new collagen synthesis and to result in an increased production of extracellular matrix proteins. Palmitoyl oligopeptide is another great collagen-stimulating peptide. Studies suggests that palmitoyl oligopeptide significantly stimulates human skin collagen production in fibroblasts, which may slow the degradation of collagen over time.

Collagen and peptides are a great anti-aging team! Together they hydrate the skin and stimulate collagen production to result in firm, glowing skin. You can find both of these powerhouse ingredients in our Collagen Lift serum.

Welcome to Science of Skincare!

On December 1st, MDSUN is launching the “Science of Skincare” blog.  We are excited to write a blog dedicated to our loyal and supportive customers who have been devoted to our products and brand philosophy.

MDSUN was founded in 2001 by Dr. George Sun who’s been awarded as America’s Top 25 Physician Injector honored by Galderma, America’s Top 5 Plastic Surgeon honored by Galderma, American Board of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Certified Surgeon in Facial Plastic Surgery, and Aspire Galderma Presidential Champion. Dr. Sun noticed that the range of prescription skin care products available were too harsh for long-term use due to potential reactions such as dryness, irritation, and inflammation. Determined to discover the perfect blend between efficacy and gentleness, he drew upon his extensive background in biochemistry and began formulating his own skin care products to successfully treat his patients. MDSUN is a line of cosmeceutical skin care products that provides long-term improvement in the look and feel of skin. We strive to make sure all our products are of the highest grade and 100% grounded in medical research.

This blog is committed to providing our customers and patients useful and helpful information, featuring advice on common skincare concerns, the scientific reason behind the ingredients, tips/tricks you could incorporate into your life, and many more.

We hope you enjoy and don’t forget to subscribe so you won’t miss out!